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Skimmed dairy products are those dairy products from which fat has been partially or completely removed. This type of product is often preferred by people who want to lose weight because they contain fewer calories. In addition, several studies have shown that fat-free dairy products prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes, lower blood pressure and prevent early menopause. On the other hand, since the skimming process eliminates fats, most of the soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) are lost. On the market, we can find skimmed milk powder, low-fat fermented dairy products (kefir, sana), cottage cheese or dairy desserts, such as skimmed cheese curds and yogurt.

Skimmed milk

Skimmed milk is obtained by centrifugation, a process in which the fat rises to the surface and is removed. Whole milk usually contains 3.25% fat, while skimmed milk contains no more than 0.5%. It is believed that it helps to reduce weight and assimilate the amount of calcium required by the human body. Increased calcium intake, especially from low fat sources, helps prevent fat deposition and causes an increase in metabolism. Skimmed milk also contains many nutrients, including significant amounts of protein, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, and potassium. It is rich in vitamins A, B2, B3, B6, B12 and D, as well as thiamine or folic acid.

Contradictions associated with the consumption of skimmed milk

Skimmed milk was promoted at a time when it was considered that fat-free diets are good for our health, but in recent years, nutritionists have changed their minds and started to question the beneficial properties of skimmed milk in diets. It is believed that if it is of high quality and obtained from healthy cows, whole milk with 3.5% fat is an absolutely healthy product. In addition, the lack of fats can cause amenorrhea and recent studies have shown that skimmed dairy products reduce fertility in women.

A study made in 2013 and published in the Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care shows that obesity rates are significantly lower among those who consume whole milk products, unlike skimmed milk consumers. It is believed that the composition of milk has a number of substances that provide a person's metabolism with the ability to use fat as an energy source, speeding up the process of burning it, rather than accumulating it.

A study, published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition shows that the consumption of whole dairy products increases the level of good cholesterol, while daily intake of skimmed products had no effect on cholesterol levels.

Another study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association of Pediatrics, found that when fats are extracted from milk, they are replaced by sweeteners, which are ultimately more harmful.

And last but not least, dietary or low-fat dairy products contain large amounts of casein and whey and whey proteins increase insulin levels in the body. Even if lactose, the natural glucose in milk, has a low glycemic index and does not increase the level of glucose in the blood, whey proteins cause a very high level of insulin in the body. These surpluses can destabilize blood glucose levels and cause mild hormonal imbalances that can lead to fatigue, behavioral changes and obesity.

Skimmed dairy products made in Moldova

Moldovan industrial producers also offer a wide range of fat-free or skimmed dairy products:

JLC / Incomlac - several types of skimmed kefir, skimmed cottage cheese “Fitness ”, “Mic Vis” glazed curds;
Lapmol - skimmed milk powder, cottage cheese "Căsuța Mea";
Sana - skimmed yogurt and cottage cheese;
Lactalis Alba - skimmed kefir;
Milk Mark - skimmed milk powder, skimmed kefir;
InLac - skimmed milk powder, skimmed glazed curd with raisins and vanilla;
Cahul Cheese Factory – skimmed kefir and cottage cheese.

Whether to eat skimmed or whole dairy products is the choice of each of us. There are advantages and disadvantages, and many studies published in press or on the Internet are made to inform us and to help us make better decisions what to consume and how to organize our diets.

This article is part of a series of materials published within the frame of Drumul Laptelui campaign, launched by Madein.md in partnership with the Public Association "Pro Cooperare Regională", the project ”Milk Market Improvement through Linkages and Knowledge (MILK)”.