Honey is a natural food of animal and vegetable origin, extracted by bees from the nectar of flowers or manna. Outside or inside the body of a bee, this product is enriched with its own substances, then it is placed into the hive and becomes the main food for its population.
The history of honey shows that its use as a food product (honey is considered to be the first sweet product), began as early as 3000 BC. In addition to its incredible beneficial properties and delicious taste, honey is considered the only food that does not spoil.
Honey is very nutritious and has a very high biological and caloric value. In terms of calories a kilogram of honey is equivalent to 1,450 kg of bread, 2,370 kg of beef, 3,930 kg of fish meat, 4.7 liters of cow's milk, 6 kg of apples or 50 eggs.
Varieties of Bee Honey
There are several varieties of honey, each of them having certain benefits and useful properties:
Polyfloral honey has a wide variety of healing properties. It contains nectar from tens, if not hundreds medicinal herbs and possesses therapeutic properties of each of them.
Acacia honey is rich in fructose and trace elements (chromium, copper, iodine, iron, zinc, fluorine) and has a very pleasant taste. It helps in case of gastrointestinal or digestive disorders. It is also recommended for diabetics because it has a low glycemic index.
Linden honey is considered to be the most tasteful and fragrant of all varieties. It is also considered a natural sedative and anaphrodisiac.
Manna honey is the only variety of honey that is not made from using the nectar of flowers. It is made from the sugary liquid secreted by insects feeding on sap from oak or linden trees. It has much stronger laxative properties than other varieties, has anti-inflammatory effects on the digestive tract, helps to eliminate toxins from the body. It also has invigorating and regenerating properties. Manna honey has a darker brown color.
Rapeseed honey has a distinct consistency, a less sweet taste and a peculiar smell. It has antibacterial properties, helps reduce cholesterol levels, regenerate and maintain the elasticity of the vascular walls and has a high content of glucose. This honey contains important trace elements such as calcium and boron, therefore it is useful for osteoporosis.
Sunflower honey has a pleasant taste and is ideal for lowering “bad” cholesterol levels. It helps against abdominal pain and fatigue.
Coniferous honey (fir or spruce) is very rare, and it is quite difficult for bees to make it. It has exceptionally beneficial properties for respiratory system, and also has anti-infective, expectorant and antitussive properties.
There are also raspberries, mint, lavender honey, as well as hone made from various wildflowers.
Why is spring honey considered to be more most useful?
Spring honey (or may honey) is a variety of natural honey, which is especially valuable for its nutritional properties. This is the earliest type of honey, usually obtained from mid-May to the first decade of June from acacia flowers, fruit trees and spontaneous spring flora. This honey is extracted by bees from a wide variety of plants, this is why the product is considered more healthy and rich in nutrients. It contains various aromatic mineral salts, trace elements and other substances. In Moldova, the most popular spring honey is acacia honey.
Spring acacia honey is considered special because of the abundant presence of floral aromas, as well as its fine texture. This is the only honey that remains liquid for more than a year, being a general tonic that soothes coughs and can be used to treat asthenia and neuroses. It contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, enzymes, flavonoids, phytohormones, organic acids (lactic, oxalic, citric, malic). It has a higher fructose content than other types of honey, and its pH is 4. In total, acacia honey contains more than 400 substances. This variety of honey has a bright yellowish-red color, and in crystallized form, it has pale yellow tones.
Spring honey is also useful during intellectual overloads, as it improves memory. Due to the high content of pollen, the constant consumption of spring honey prevents bone demineralization. Honey also improves the elasticity of blood vessels, preventing cholesterol.
Spring honey forms very small crystals and has a thick texture. In crystallized form, it can also be used to moisturize and cleanse the skin of dead cells.
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